Sunday, December 29, 2019

Single Sex Education Is Beneficial For Females Than Males...

â€Å"Boy free school zone.† â€Å"No makeup Monday- Friday, 8:00 am -3:25 pm.† Both of these are phrases on posters made by the students at the high school I attended. They seem rather petty until it is known that I attend Academy of the Holy Names, which is an all-girls’ high school. Before high school, I attended multiple co-ed schools so switching to single-sex education was rather different for me. Four years at Academy of the Holy Names prepared me to be successful in my future endeavors and also to be confident in who I am. Although research shows that single-sex education is beneficial for both sexes, it indicates that single-sex education is more advantageous for females than males. Research and statistics explain that there is a male dominance in co-education schools, and that single-sex education provides girls a better environment to learn and allows them to build confidence in their studies. Speaking from personal experience switching from co-ed to single-sex education was similar to a burden that I was not aware of being taken off my shoulders. In the co-ed environment, I was always afraid of being teased for being a â€Å"know-it-all† or for actually liking math and science or better known as the â€Å"boy subjects†. I remember being in class and always thinking to myself â€Å"What are the boys gonna think if I get the question wrong?† or â€Å"What if I get it right? Will they make fun of me?† There was always the constant pressure to fit in. When I made the switch the single-sexShow MoreRelatedSingle Sex Schools : Primary Schools946 Words   |  4 PagesSingle-sex schools, specifically primary schools, are more beneficial to students because they facilitate higher test scores, superior academic outcomes, and greater engagement in school activities. Parents and educators have debated since the early nineteenth century whether to educate s tudents in single-sex or co-ed schools. Currents studies have shown that single-sex schools achieve higher in academic success. Students with higher academic success become adults with a brighter future that canRead MoreSingle Gender Schools Are Better Than Coed Schools1180 Words   |  5 Pages Have you ever wondered if single-gender schools are better than coed schools? Each side has advantages, but there are also disadvantages to them. My thoughts on this subject is coed schools aren’t as supportive and beneficial as single-gender schools. I think this for many reasons, including that single-gender schools improve student collaboration, self-improvement by not worrying about being judged by the breaking down of stereotypes, and teachers can use better teaching techniques when teachingRead MoreSingle-Sex Education : Is One Gender Enough?1304 Words   |  6 PagesEnough? Introduction: In 1999, Jefferson Leadership Academies was named the first public middle school in the U.S. to offer an environment fully dedicated to single-gender instruction (Niche). This organization became a milestone for single-sex education and brought attention to the fact that separating genders is beneficial in more ways than one. Our country is known for its prestigious learning system and the endless opportunities provided for its citizens. Immigrants continue to travel from allRead Moresingle sex schools838 Words   |  4 Pages Single-Sex Schools: More Beneficial than a Parent May Think Single-sex education, also known as single-gender education, is the practice of conducting education where male and females students attend separate classes or in separate buildings or schools. It has been a topic of debate especially for parents who have to think about where to send their children to school. There are many reasons and evidence to suggest that single sex schools are more beneficial. They provide studentsRead MoreInfanticide And Single Sex Education1284 Words   |  6 PagesCoeducation and single-sex education are both extensively used around the world. By the 1980s, more and more schools which only severed male or female became coed. Even though, many parents still send their kids to only men school or only women school now days. Then why would some people choose a only men or only women school? Is it against the â€Å"gender equality†? In the early civilizations, education was informally and it was primarily households. As time passed, people began to get educated moreRead MoreSingle Sex Education Is Overall More Effective For Most People1274 Words   |  6 PagesSingle sex education is overall more effective for most people. It helps with multiple aspects of a person s personality. This specific education helps students gain confidence, feel comfortable, and lets students be themselves. It’s no surprise that boys and girls were educated separately in the colonial times (Kennedy). During the 1960s and the 1970s, the number of single sex schools began to decrease. The main reason for this decrease was out of respect for women s rights and equalityRead MoreSingle Sex Schooling And Coeducation882 Words   |  4 PagesSingle-sex schooling and coeducation have been doing through a huge debate throughout the years. Researchers wonder if single-sex education is more useful than coeducation. Single-sex schooling occurred throughout the United States history. Single-sex schooling was prevalent before the 19th century. During the 19th century, more single-sex schools were transforming into coeducational schools. In 1917 coeducation was instructed in the Soviet Union. According to Cornelius Riordan, â€Å"By the end of theRead MoreEducation: Gender and Single-sex School Works1256 Words   |  6 PagesSingle-Sex Schools A time comes in every young teen s life when he or she must decide where to attend high school. As they examine which high school they want to go to, one of the factors they may come across is whether to go to a single-sex school or a co-educational school. While co-ed schools allow students to develop socially, single-sex schools have the advantage in academic success. Single-sex schools provide a conducive learning environment for students, allow teachers to teach accordingRead MoreMale and Female High School Students Should be Educated in Separate Schools 1353 Words   |  6 Pagesrecently on the argument of whether strategy for students at high school should be applied to obtain a successful education system, with a voice calling for providing the appropriate environment of education for both gender-students that assists them to concentrate better on their studies and eliminate all aspects of disruptions. Fulfilling such strategies would improve the quality of education at high schools and raise the range of obtaining high marks. However, should boys and girls be educated separatelyRead MoreCritique of â€Å"with No Boys to Ogle, We Had Time to Learn† by Christine Flowers879 Words   |  4 Pageswe know: single-sex or mixed schools. While mixed schools accept both males and females, single-sex schools accept students of a certain single sex only. Both coed and single-sex schools have pros and cons, which nobody can deny. Some studies, however, have shown that there is no particular benefit to single-sex education. The study of the American Association of University Women (AAUW) in 1998, for example, â€Å"found no evidence to support single-sex education as better than coed education.† (qtd. in

Friday, December 20, 2019

Department 19 Villains - 1170 Words

Essay English Through the study of the three texts; Department 19 by Will Hill, ‘Macbeth’ the play and The Social Network by David Fincher, it is evident that literary villains are archetypes that often represent the evil side of human nature. One may argue that each villain has certain traits that allow the reader to be drawn to the terror and horror of their deeds yet also allow readers to reflect upon the society that has created such individuals. Authors stray their villains from the stereotype to keep the modern audience engaged. Often the physical appearance can define the villain, as it can be the most appealing and revealing area of any individual at first glance. In Department 19, Will Hill uses the characteristics of†¦show more content†¦Alexandru’s villainy is almost entirely reliant on his behaviour. â€Å"Marie squeezed her eyes shut as Anderson let out a scream, a high pitched howl..He was smiling at her†¦ something red flew away into the shadow† Hill uses horror imagery, to depict the intimidating personality of Alexandru, he willingly tears out the tongue of his servant, without dismay. Alexandru is well educated this can be seen in his manner when speaking; â€Å"We haven’t been introduced,’ it said, favouring her with a dazzling smile of sharp white teeth. ‘My name is Alexandru Rusmanov and you, of course, are Marie Carpenter† by creating a polished superficial exterior it often allows for the deception to be hidden and creates dramatic irony as the audience knows Hill has portrayed him with duality traits. As demonstrated in these texts there are different ways that villains can be represented. In the post modern age often the role of villain is not as clear cut and the morality and ethical outcomes of the characters actions are represented as ambiguous. In a text such as The Social Network’ by David Fincher many relationships inverse and promises are broken. Finch almost leaves it for the audience to decide on the true villain. Authors use deception and machiavellianism to successfully integrate the villain into the theme and provide additional dimensions. In the Social Network, MarkShow MoreRelatedPup Named Scooby Doo1235 Words   |  5 Pagesthey falsely accuse someone innocent, but after a chase by the monster. Then some of Velma’s excellent detective work they get the bad guy. The villain then say’s something along the lines of â€Å"I would have gotten away with it if it wasn’t for those kids and their dog.† By this point we know that the a dults were wrong, that without the gangs work the villain would still be on the loose. The adults never admit that they were wrong, which in my opinion is wrong; credit is due, where credit is due. Read MoreThe Female, Bildungsroman, By Carol Lazzaro Weis1083 Words   |  5 PagesPrà ©vost and the Romance Tradition, etc. She is currently preparing a book-length manuscript on women’s historical novels in Italy, France, Francophone Canada and the Caribbean. (Carol Lazzaro-Weis - Department of Romance Language Literatures - University of Missouri. Carol Lazzaro-Weis - Department of Romance Language Literatures - University of Missouri. N.p., n.d. Web.) Brief Summary: The Female â€Å"Bildungsroman†: Calling It into Question by Carol Lazzaro-Weis discusses the term bildungsromanRead MoreThe Conflict Between Good And Evil Essay1611 Words   |  7 Pagesthem to avoid capture. Rather, it appears that these criminals are not brought to justice because of either apathy or incompetence on the part of law enforcement. The police go through the motions of investigating, yet fail to bring apprehend the villains. This is bad for law enforcement because it suggests to audiences viewing these plays that the police may not care about them, or may not have the skills to protect them. Set in modern-day Scotland, Roadkill brings up law enforcement several timesRead MoreCase Study- How Hollywood Portrays Arabs1259 Words   |  6 Pagesthe Middle East in all forms of media in the United States, including on television and in movies. Hollywood, for many years has depicted Arabs in stereotypical images, villain roles opposite American heroes who tend to save the day. Since the early days of Hollywood, Arabs and Muslims have been depicted overwhelmingly as villains, barbaric, inept, sinister, and incompetent and cowards. How and Why have Arabs been vilified in Hollywood? Ronald Adler and Russell ProctorRead MoreMakeup Of Makeup Club At School1259 Words   |  6 Pagesdifferent things for students to learn. To start, each month we will have a theme. For example, South West High School in California s Makeup club did a Halloween theme in October. They taught how to do wound special effects and also focused on certain villains or scary characters from movies. Besides that they also did a fundraiser charging students to do their Halloween makeup (The Eagles Apply Makeup). Other than a Halloween theme, we will do an array of other theme. During spring we can do a Prom themeRead MoreEvery Good Story Requires Its Villains, Heroes and Heroines. the Study of Management Is No Different and a Perusal of Organisational Textbooks, More Often Than Not, Depicts F. W. Taylor’s Scientific Management Theory as3220 Words   |  13 Pages(50%) Assignment Length: 2500 words Submission Deadline: Monday 19th March 2012 (Week 7) Assignment Title: Every good story requires its villains, heroes and heroines. The study of management is no different and a perusal of Organisational Textbooks, more often than not, depicts F. W. Taylor’s Scientific Management theory as the villain of the story and the Human Relations Movement as the hero or heroine. The Human Relations Movement is portrayed as the proverbial knight in shining whiteRead MoreTechnology And Its Impact On Society1699 Words   |  7 Pagesopened ourselves and our lives up to the world for everyone to see as it has created worldwide interaction with everyone in just minutes and seconds . The internet was created in the 1960s , as it grew from the ARPANET that was created by the U#S# Department of Defense . The invention of the internet allowed the ability to communicate information (12)across the world in real time and has connected everyone of us more than we ever have been before . Including our devices and smartphones can also be connectedRead MoreBreaking Bad: The Transformation of Walter White2628 Words   |  11 Pagesto watch, they begin to see that Walter is not at all like the meek schoolteacher they initially thought he was. Truly, the story of Walter White is the story of change. Both loved and hated, Walter White went from pitiful sufferer, to ultimate villain. Walter began cooking meth as a means for extra income. After he was diagnosed with cancer, he realized that he needed another source of income to pay for his treatment and support his family. In two short years, Walter becomes the best meth cookRead More Racial Profiling is a Valuable Policing Tool Essay1705 Words   |  7 Pagescrackdown on racial profiling and ordered federal law enforcement authorities to begin an investigation. (1) Vice President Al Gore promised the NAACP that should he become president eliminating the practice of racial profiling by the nations police departments would be a top priority. (2) New Jersey Governor Christy Whitman fired Police Sup erintendent Carl Williams after the 35-year veteran trooper said in an interview that minorities are more likely to be involved in drug trafficking. (3) In the caseRead MoreWal-Marts Organizational Theory and Behavior2294 Words   |  10 Pagesstudy on the retail market of private industry. Paul spent most of his working day on the road traveling from store to store gathering retail information. Paul approached hundreds of stores in his travels and spoke to thousands of store managers, department managers, and the personnel of company headquarters, suppliers, vendors and customers (Lindner, 2005). Paul created a list of ideas that Wal-Mart has used or is currently in place which drives them to be such a successful retail superstore. For

Thursday, December 12, 2019

Health Promotion - Teenage Alcohol free essay sample

When making an allowance for health promotion it would be valuable to contemplate sociology alongside psychology, as it states in Walker et al people we care for come from a variety of social backgrounds which influence their well-being. Health can be viewed in different angles, biological – as the absence of disease, behavioural – the product of making healthy lifestyle choices and socio-environmental – a product of social, economic and environmental factors that offer encouragement and obstacles to the health of individuals and communities (Wills J. 2007). As the World Health Organisation cited in Simnett, L. et al 2003, states that, ‘Health is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. ’ The WHOs 1986 Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion (cited in Naidoo, J et al, 2009), broadened that health is not just a state, but also a supply for normal life, not the objective of living. Heal th is a optimistic concept highlighting social and personal properties, as well as physical abilities. Therefore these statements of health can be viewed differently in the different views of health and therefore health promotion as a holistic view is preventing disease, education, communication of health messages, giving information and facilitating self-help, and tackling issues to make healthier choices easier (Wills J. , 2007). It is the role of the nurse and other healthcare professionals in the multi-disciplinary team to promote health and help people on an individual level to improve their health. (Walker 2007). There are many models and theories that support the practice of health promotion within nursing practice. The use of these models should enable people to increase their control over things that determine and thereby improve their health. (Wills J. , 2007) The focus on this discussion will be the public health model; Beattie’s model ( 1991), this will be applied to early interventions and the prevention of alcohol misuse among adolescents. Alcohol is the most commonly used and move actively available, psychoactive substance among adolescents aged 12-16years. UK figures among 15 and 16 year olds are among the highest in Europe and the percentage of 11-15year olds who drink at least once a week has risen from 17 to 20 per cent. By the age of 16 nearly all adolescents (94%) have tried an alcoholic drink (Wright 1999 cited in Rassool G. H. , 2007), 47% of these adolescents have drank alcohol at least forty times. From the age of twelve those who have tried an alcoholic drink outnumber those who have not (Haydock, 1998). The average age for the first taste of alcohol for a boy in 8 years 6 months and 9 years 2 months for a girl (Black 1994 cited in Haydock 1998). In the framework of the government health policy our healthy nation (Department of Health, 2002, cited in Rassool G. H. et al,DATE), young people are an important target group in prevention, therefore healthy attitudes early enough may reduce the risk of alcohol misuse. The Beattie’s model has offered structural analysis in the range of approaches since 1991. Beattie 1991 suggests there are four principles to health promotion. The model is divided into two dimensions top and bottom, with each dimension having two paradigms. Each of these four paradigms provides a description of the different approaches to health promotion. The two paradigms at the top of the model describe the top-down approach. This approach is seen to be authoritarian approach, which includes health percussion and legislation action. The top-down approach aims to inform the nurse about risks and unhealthy behaviour and possibly impose change to a national level. (Simnett, 2003) (Sykes, S. n Wills J, 2007) The two paradigms at the bottom describe the bottom-up approach with personal counselling and community development. The aim of the bottom-up approach is to empower individual and communities to make healthier choices. (Sykes S. 2007 in Wills, J. 2007) The first of the authoritarian approaches is health precision and these activities involve and expert let top-down approach. The primary objective of this approach is to convince an indiv idual to change their behaviour and therefore adapt a healthier lifestyle. This intervention on giving the individual information on their behaviour for example trying to educate a young person on the misuse of alcohol and the effects this would have to their health. The approach is bases on the approach that the expert knows best. This is a popular technique because it can be delivered as part of the consultation process in any health care environment. Adolescents that either use alcohol recreationally or dependent on alcohol are a vulnerable group and have the potential physical, social, psychological and educational difficulties. This may have major implications for health care services, therefore health care service and specialist professionals should be prepared to recognise that young people need to be informed and educated in order to avoid problem drinking in these young people. The approach of the health professional should include health education and prevention initiatives as well treatment interventions necessary. The health professional should offer information and advice on the risks to their health around alcohol consumption in a perceive but judgemental manor (Sykes, S. 007 in Wills, J. 2007). This advice and health information should also be supported by the provision of printed literature for example You, Your, Child and Alcohol (Public Health Agency 2009). This not only informs the child but informs the parents. The use of brief or minimal intervention for example a few minutes of advice and encouragement are effective in reducing alcohol and associated harm, especially male excessive drinkers (Bien et al 1993 and Wilk et al 1997 cited in Rassool, G. H. t al, 2003) It has been suggested that health promotion strategies tend to rely heavily on this technique to the exclusion of other methods. Johnson and Baun 2001 cited in Sykes, S. 2007 in Wills, J 2007). Critics argue that if used in isolation, attempts to persuade patients to change behaviours that are expert driven and medically approached are likely to be limited and there effectiveness. (Whitehead 2005 cited in Sykes, S. 2007 in Wills, J. 2007). This suggest that this technique is not as likely to understand if the patient is ready or focused enough to make the changes required. The second approach in the authoritarian part of the model is legislation action. While this is also concerned with challenging behaviour it does so by the state or organisation. This approach may include changes to legislation policy changes at a national, local or organisational level. It may also aim to provide resources that aim to support national programmes of health. The aim of legislation action is to make healthier choices easier, and while this can encourage change that often does not meet the specific needs of the minority groups or individuals. Sykes, S. 2007 in Wills, J. 2007). The law states that buying and consuming alcohol is illegal when under the age of 18. (NI Direct accessed 2011). There are also extremely strict rules for the advertising of alcohol and these have been further strengthened since 2005 when tough new laws were introduced for all broadcast media when advertising alcohol. These laws ensure that alcohol is promoted in a socially responsible way so as n ot to present alcohol in a manner that reflects social success, linked with sex, appealing to the under 18 age group or their culture. Advert Standards Authority 2011). It could be argued however that advertisements such as those for WKD do in fact appeal to this age group. On occasions when the law supports this approach the interventions may reselected by sections of the population and have the effect of driving behaviour underground. This can make it more difficult for vulnerable groups and therefore increase the inequalities in health care for these vulnerable groups. (Sykes, S. 2007 in Wills, J. 2007) The bottom – up approach also known as the negotiated approach is also sub-divided into two sections. The first being community development. This approach is committed to bottom-up community led and participatory actions. An intervention such as this is based on empowering the community to identify any priorities its own needs. It encourages working together to find solution to the needs put in place any needs necessary. People that support this intervention state, they are more relevant as they create a sense of ownership and as a result are more likely to be effective and sustained. The principles in which this process is based are those of social justice and equality. It requires the professional working to be led by the community to which they are working, regardless of whether it is geographical community or one defined by culture, gender interest or social identity. This is a radical approach to health promotion and as a result certain challenges may present themselves. ( Sykes, S. 2007 in Wills, J. 2007). A major challenge may be if the prioities of the community are not the same as the professional. Community development is generally a partnership were many agencies work together with the health agency including those from the statutory and voluntary sectors. Binge drinking is very common among young adults and using alcohol may result in risk taking behaviours, included are anti-social and increased sexual risk, accidents, death, suicide violence and crime all of which impact on the community. Adolescents do not view alcohol as risky because they perceive its use as a recreational activity and find the effects enjoyable (Warrinton and Rassool 1998). Peer association is also accepted as a major factor as adolescents who are already experimenting with alcohol and other drugs are likely to choose friends who share similar interests (Ghodse 1995 cited in Rassool, 2003). Working with these young people within the community may have the best effect, they can be provided with enough information within the community led environment to make informed choices about alcohol and their future drinking habits. The community should engage in preventative work with adolescents in their peer group, educate them via peer led discussions and use the group to influence each other while developing a positive attitude to alcohol misuse. Social learning theory describes how peer groups influence drinking choices (Wright 1999 cited in Rassool, 2003). The second approach in the bottom-up approach is personal counselling. Within this approach interventions are led by the patient or at least negotiated with the patient and are generally based on a one-to-one situation. Within this situation it is the role of the nurse to listen to the patient, to work to empower them to make the changes they want to. This empowerment may include building confidence and self-esteem as well as developing problem solving strategies and skills. These approaches can be used in a number of ways, including promoting positive health and well-being and the prevention of ill-health via disease management. This approach provides a client-based centred care therefore the nurse in this situation would necessary engage the individual by conducting assessment or screening in a sensitive and non-judgemental manner, and the reassurance of confidentiality would be established, but this may take time for the individual to gain trust in the health care professional. Also peer led discussions could be used in familiar surroundings of the adolescent’s i. e. chool, church, or youth club. These can be very affective as they may open up more freely to their friends and could come up with their own ideas about their own health related issues with alcohol. This approach is criticised as it is not without its limitations also, as an individual may find it difficult or impossible to sustain the changes when they are faced with social economic or structural issues that create the barriers to change but that however are beyond the control of the individual. Health promotion has been outlined according to the public health model of Beattie’s model 1991, and is a very aluable approach to promoting health to individuals. Even though this is a good approach, as it is built upon distinctive values, objectives and political persuasions. A nurse will need to embrace Beattie’s (1991) approach to be able to move past the out-dated role of the health educator. (Latter, 2001 cited in Sykes 2007 in Wills 2007). This approach alongside other approaches, such as the stages of change model would make health education more successful, as this recognises behaviour to do with changing attitudes, to make healthier choices. The combination would make health promotion to alcohol more effective and reduce inequalities.